Today, the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, or UNESCO, has a whopping total of 1,007 World Heritage Sites on its official list.
Places that receive the iconic UNESCO seal are chosen based on their cultural significance, their standing as a natural wonder, or both.
From the Rock Sites of Cappadocia, Turkey, made entirely from volcanic erosions, to Africa’s Namib Sand Sea, the world’s only coastal desert, here are 20 breathtaking UNESCO World Heritage Sites from around the world.
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia is a volcanic landscape created entirely from erosion that eventually formed mountain ridges, valleys, and pinnacles nicknamed “fairy chimneys” across Cappadocia, Turkey.
Not only is Croatia’s Plitvice Lakes National Park one of southeast Europe’s oldest parks, it is also Croatia’s largest, with 16 interlinked lakes located between Mala Kapela Mountain and Pljesevica Mountain. The lakes are surrounded by lush forests and waterfalls, whose waters have deposited travertine limestone barriers for years to create the natural dams.
Canaima National Park, located in southeastern Venezuela along the borders of Guyana and Brazil, has a stunning landscape of tabletop mountain formations known as tepuis. It is also home to the world’s highest waterfall, Angel Falls, whose highest point reaches a staggering 3,212 feet, or 979 meters.
Vietnam’s Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, located in the middle of the Annamite Mountain Range in Quang Binh province in the center of country, is home to the oldest karst (or landscapes formed from soluble rocks and characterized by caves and sinkholes) formations in Asia. Dating back over 400 million years, it contains more than 64 miles (104 km) of caves and underground rivers.
Ha Long Bay, in the Gulf of Tonkin off the coast of northern Vietnam, is made up of about 1,600 islands and islets of limestone pillars. According to UNESCO, a majority of the islands are uninhabited by people due to their extremely steep nature.
The Namib Sand Sea, located in Africa on the coast of Namibia’s Namid-Naukluft Park, is the only coastal desert in the world, whose dune fields often come into contact with fog and have created a unique array of wildlife that has evolved to adapt to the environment. The landscape includes everything from rocky hills to coastal lagoons.
The naturally terraced thermal springs of Hierapolis-Pamukkale in the province of Denizli in western Turkey, date as far back as the second century B.C. Formed by calcite in the water, the hot springs look like stunning white clouds.
Located in the Indian Ocean near the Gulf of Aden, the Socotra Archipelago is known for its extremely unique wildlife: 37% of its plant species, 90% of its reptile species, and 95% of its land-snail species are nonexistent anywhere else in the world, according to UNESCO. It’s also home to one of the most unique trees in the world, the dragon’s blood tree that gets its name from its red sap.
In Victoria Falls, bordering Zambia and Zimbabwe, is Devil’s Pool, a natural infinity pool hundreds of feet high.